What is Myopia?

Myopia is the clinical term for near-sightedness. When the eye is elongated, light focuses in front of the retina and causes images to be blurred at a distance. Myopia usually beings during childhood and progresses over time as the eyes continue to grow. If myopia increases at a high rate, the risk of developing ocular conditions including glaucoma, retinal detachments, and myopic maculopathy can also increase. Early intervention to control myopia can reduce the severity of near-sightedness. Both genetics and environmental factors can increase risk of myopia.